What are these little
Schmuckbracteaten are nearly a unheard of outside Germanic countries.
means thin metal plate.
Brakteaten money, by Margrit
“Between the 12th and the 15th century
in Europe a money system was used called "Brakteaten." Issued
by the respective towns, bishops and sovereigns, it not only
helped the exchange of goods and services but also provided
the means of collecting taxes. Every year the thin coins made
from gold and silver were "recalled," one to three
times re-minted and devalued on an average about 25 % in the
process. Since nobody wanted to keep this money, people instead
invested in furniture, solidly built houses, artwork and anything
else that promised to keep or increase its value. During that
time, some of the most beautiful sacred and profane works of
art and architecture came into existence.
"For while monied
wealth could not accumulate, real wealth was created." We
still think of this time as one of the cultural culmination
points in European history. Craftsmen worked a five-day week,
the "blue" Monday was introduced and the standard
of living was high. In addition, there were hardly any feuds
and wars between the various realms of power. However, people
obviously disliked the money which lost so much at regular
intervals. Finally, towards the end of the 15th century, the "eternal" penny
was introduced and with it came interest and accumulation
of wealth in the hands of increasingly fewer people, as well
as the accompanying social and economic problems. The lesson
here is that taxes should be levied separately and not connected
with the circulation fee on money."
Schmuck well, it has many meanings...
jewelry, ornament, embellishment, trinket... it means sparklies
Brakteaten comes from the latin 'Bractea' and
simply means 'thin metal plates/discs'
So teamed up, "Schmuckbrakteaten" means
ornamental thin metal discs. Tahdah!
The things are sparkly, the medievals liked
sparkly. They probably started making purely decorative "coins",
Schmuckbrateaten, for ornamental purposes after they began
sewing them onto things to keep from losing them and liked
how they looked. (I'm guesing)
Some VERY informative Links about Brakteaten/Schmuckbrakteaten:
(translated through Google when possible)